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Issues in Learning 

Many situations and conditions can reduce a person's ability to reach to their potential. Learning disorders and disabilities, behavioural, emotional, and stress-related difficulties can all affect learning.


Red Ladder Optimized Learning provides psychological and psycho-educational assessment to investigate a wide range of difficulties, including the ones listed to the right.


It is common for a person to struggle with symptoms of more than one condition. For example, many people with a specific learning disability are also diagnosed with some form of ADHD.


If you have questions about whether you, your child, or someone else is struggling with a learning difficulty, consider contacting Red Ladder Optimized Learning or another psychologist to find out more.

Dyslexia (aka “Developmental Dyslexia”)


Specific Learning Disabilities:

  • Specific Reading Disability

  • Specific Disability in Written Expression

  • Specific Mathematics Disability (Dyscalculia)

  • Specific Handwriting Disability (Dysgraphia)

  • Oral and Written Language Learning Disability (OWL LD)


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders:

  • ADHD, Predominantly Hyperactive/ Impulsive Type,

  • ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Type” (aka ADD)

  • ADHD, Combined Type

  • “Sluggish Cognitive Tempo”

  • Other Executive Functioning problems


Autism Spectrum Disorders


Intellectual Disability


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)


Mood Disorders:

  • Depression

  • Bipolar Mood Disorder


Anxiety Disorders and Shyness:

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder

  • Social Anxiety Disorder (aka Social Phobia)

  • Panic Disorders with or without Agoraphobia

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder


Stress / Trauma Disorders:

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

  • Attachment Disorders

  • Other Stress Conditions:

  • School Resistance / Avoidance

  • Occupational stress from learning problems

  • Family-Based Stress (family illness, separation and divorce, family violence)

  • Bereavement and Complicated Bereavement


Other Issues in Learning:

  • School placement difficulties

  • Bullying

  • Giftedness

  • Medical problems (e.g. chronic headaches, chronic pain, sleep disorders)

  • Transition to Post-Secondary Studies

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